19th C. Japanese Izegara Type Transferware Plate - Pheasants
Meiji period (1868-1912) transferware plate.
Dimensions: Approximately 12” diameter.
The border is decorated floral and arabesque pattern.
The center is decorated with a scene of a pair of pheasants in a tree surrounded by flowers.
The reverse is decorated with three sets of a pattern described by Alistair Seton in his book “Igezara Printed China” as “Bellflowers and Arabesques”.
The foot is encircled by three blue bands.
The piece is heavily potted, as is the case with Izegara and similar wares such as this.
While not falling within the common definition of Igezara ware, this piece exhibits many of its features.
"Igezara" is a term applied to heavy, durable, everyday porcelain produced in Japan from near the end of the Edo Period (mid 1800's) until early Taisho (early 1900's), although the generally accepted period for Igezara wares is 1880 – 1910.
Izegara ware was produced in Arita, Saga in Kyushu, and Gifu.
Unlike fine porcelain like Imari and Kutani that are hand painted. “Igezara" items are transferware, produced by transferring designs initially created on copper plates, similar to transferware produced in Staffordshire England at the beginning of the 19th century.
"Igezara" was mass produced for everyday use and made primarily for the Japanese market. Accordingly, it is usually thickly potted so withstand wear and tear of daily use.
Most typically, the pieces have a brown edge around the rim and the rim itself has “pie crust” ridges molded into it. This piece has neither the brown edge nor the “pie crust” rim, but otherwise exhibits all the features of Igezara.
The name "Igezara" comes from two Japanese words:
"Ige" means "notch or thorn" and the term refers to the pie-like indentations often found around the rim of many plates. "Zara" or "sara" means "plate" in Japanese.
Seton, “Izegara, Printed China”.
Condition: Signs of wear on the reverse; otherwise in excellent condition consistent with age and usage.