Spode Peacock Pattern Gadrooned Plate
Stoneware plate with printed design and inpainting. c. 1820.
Dimensions: Approximately 10¼” diameter
The rim has a molded gadrooned rim with a decorative inner border.
The rim is decorated with floral sprays in shades of blue, yellow, and brown.
The center is bordered in a gilded spearhead design and has a pattern of peacocks and flowering plants in the same colors.
The reverse has both an impressed and painted “Spode” mark and an impressed number “4”.
This Chinoiserie design was based on an 18th century Chinese export porcelain dinner service made for the King of Portugal. When King Joao VI and the Portuguese royal family fled to Brazil following Napoleon’s invasion of Portugal in 1807, they took that dinner service with them.
Unfortunately, many pieces were broken during the voyage from Portugal to Brazil. Rather than order replacement pieces from China, which would have taken as much as two or three years, King Joao VI specially commissioned the firm of Spode in Stoke-on-Trent, England to copy and replace the broken items.
Spode agreed on the condition that they would later be allowed to reproduce the Pattern for their own customers. In 1813 the Peacock Pattern was first sold by Spode at their shop in London. It soon became one of Spode’s most fashionable and sought-after Patterns during the Regency Period in England.
“Spode”, Leonard Whiter
“Spode & Copeland, 200 Years of Fine China and Porcelain”, Steven Smith.
Condition: Some roughness to the edge, staining on reverse; otherwise in excellent condition consistent with age and usage.